Varieties of salads for growing in spring, summer and autumn
Salad is in great demand among buyers of vegetable markets and supermarkets. But to buy a really high-quality product, unfortunately, is quite difficult - many of the healthy substances of salads are lost during storage and transportation. For example, vitamin C is very sensitive to light and is rapidly destroyed. Fortunately, growing a salad is easy enough. It’s not even necessary on the beds! On the sunny windowsill, you can get a decent harvest of lettuce almost all year round. The main thing is to choose the right varieties and quality seeds.
Tip: do not cut the salad with a metal knife, but rather tear it or use a ceramic knife, since when it comes into contact with metal, vitamin C is oxidized.
Benefits of Eating Salad
Lettuce grows to a marketable appearance in only 40-45 days, and rolled salads about 70 days. Therefore, depending on the region, in an open, protected ground or in a greenhouse you can get 3-4 crops per season.
You can sow salad every two weeks and get the most useful vegetable, which contains easily digestible vitamins and minerals: A, C, K B9 (folic acid), iodine and others. Salads also contain large amounts of beta-carotene (provitamin A), which is a powerful antioxidant. This substance acts as a reliable protection of cells from free radicals.
Nutrition is the prevention of various diseases that can be triggered by a lack of nutrients. That is why fresh lettuce leaves are recommended for daily use.
Important! If it is not possible to provide a complete diet of fresh and environmentally friendly products, before taking vitamins or dietary supplements, be sure to take a comprehensive blood test for vitamins, which can be done in many laboratories. And consult a doctor to find out from the lack of what substances the body can suffer.
All of the lettuce varieties listed below contain a sufficient amount of folic acid. She participates in hematopoiesis, contributing to the formation of new cells. The use of such crops is beneficial for people of all ages.
Features of growing lettuce
Salad is an unpretentious cold-resistant plant that can withstand short-term temperature drops and even freezing to -5 ° C. In extreme heat, it is advisable to shade the landing with a protective net.
The optimum soil temperature for seed germination is + 20 ... + 22 ° C. Seeds are sown in open ground in early April in wide rows with row spacings of 60-70 cm according to the 20x30 cm pattern. Sowing depth is 1-1.5 cm. Before and after sowing, rolling is carried out.
Before the emergence of full shoots, thinning is carried out, leaving between plants 15-20 cm. After thinning, fertilizing with mineral fertilizers is carried out. Salads respond well to dressing. Like any culture, do not feed earlier than 2 weeks after germination.
Harvest Nuances: in order to keep the salad longer, lose less beneficial properties, do not water it the day before harvesting, but pluck it in the morning.
So, which salads have all the advantages and are suitable for year-round cultivation?
Lollo Ross Salad
Lollo Ross is sometimes called coral. It is a type of lettuce. Early ripe productive variety with a high content of iodine.
Productivity per square meter is 2.5-5 kilograms. The mass of one plant is 300-350 grams. The diameter of the outlet is up to 20 cm. The plant is erect.
Taste: juicy and tender leaves with a pleasant mild taste are suitable for meat dishes and for vegetable salads.
Useful material: the salad contains such healthy components as vitamins A, K, B9 and ascorbic acid. Also, it contains a high content of potassium, magnesium, calcium, iron, selenium, phosphorus, sodium, zinc, manganese and copper.
Lollo Biondo Salad (a "curly" variety of Lettuce)
Taste Lollo Biondo - leaves have a rich nutty flavor without a bitter aftertaste. The salad is crispy.
Nutrient content: phosphorus, zinc, magnesium and calcium, cobalt, iodine and many vitamins and minerals. Lollo Biondo is a half-bred variety with a medium-sized leaf that is very wavy along the edge, green in color.
Productivity 3.0 kg / sq.m. Rosette of leaves semi erect, 24 cm high, 25 cm in diameter, plant mass 150 g.
Miracle of four seasons salad
A headed variety with a ripening period of 70 days. The head size is average. The outer leaves are bronze-red, and the inner ones are yellow-green.
Taste: The miracle of the four seasons has a very delicate buttery sweet taste. It contains iodine, as well as a whole vitamin and mineral complex.
Productivity 3.9 kg per sq. meter.
Early ripe lettuce Rubin is resistant to stalking and high temperatures.
Variety with curly dark red leaves with a green color in the center and high decorative qualities. The leaf rosette is semi-erect, 20 cm high, 35 cm in diameter.
Productivity 1.9 kg / sq.m. Plant weight 200 g.
Taste: different delicate taste, crispy consistency.
Lifley's early ripe leaf lettuce is suitable for growing throughout the season in open and closed ground, like all varieties that we described above. The leaf is large, dark green, rounded, strongly bubbled, wavy along the edge.
Taste: crispy, great. Long does not shoot. The mass of the plant is up to 250-300 g. The variety is resistant to regional burns and necrosis.
Productivity 2.8 kg per square meter
Combine different varieties of salads on your beds and get the maximum benefit for yourself and your family. We hope that the tips of our article and the seeds of Agro-success will help you with this.