The brightest flowers of October in my garden
Of course, the main colors in the October garden creates autumn foliage of trees and shrubs of all kinds of shades. During this period, flowering plants gradually disappear, preparing for the autumn sleep. And yet, while something else is blooming in the garden, this creates the illusion that summer is still going on. This effect is especially strong during the Indian summer, when the sun warms up brightly in the summer. Therefore, I try to have in my garden a certain group of flowers that are able to bloom in late autumn and delight with their color before frosts do not envelop the garden with winter sleep. I will tell about such plants in the article.
1. Physiostegia "Variegata"
Surely familiar to many Physostegia Virgin (Physostegia virginiana) with small lilac flowers, which grows well due to creeping rhizomes, and blooms in mid-summer. Hybrid physiostegia "Variegata" (Physostegia variegata) significantly differs from the original look not only by a more expressive appearance, but also by the flowering time.
Its light green leaves are trimmed with an expressive creamy white border, which makes the plant attractive throughout the season. Spike-shaped inflorescences, consisting of lavender-pink flowers, larger than those of the usual physostegia, appear in early autumn and bloom to frost.
Delicate inflorescences not only decorate the flower garden, attracting butterflies, but are also great for cutting. Unlike some other varieties of physiostegia, the Variegata hybrid is not prone to rapid growth, but forms a small compact upright bush.
The height can reach 90 cm, but in my garden it never exceeded 40-50 centimeters. Physostegia prefers rich, moisture-resistant soil and can grow near a stream or reservoir. Bushes are easily divided every 3-4 years in early spring.
2. Bell of the Portenschlag
In a perennial culture Portenschlag bell (Campanula portenschlagiana) usually ends its flowering at the end of summer, but in my garden this species grows as a young plant, so I have to periodically renew it in seedling method. In this case, it blooms from July to the end of October (seedlings from self-seeding also begin to bloom in the fall).
These tiny bells are very touching and gentle, they form low thick pillows, so they are most often placed in rock gardens. Charming flowers from a certain angle look a bit like spring spills. Moreover, they have an unusual color, consisting of several shades. Depending on the lighting, they may look mauve or blue-violet.
Inflorescences are rich in nectar and attract insects. This bell has tiny seeds, but this problem is removed by sowing peat tablets one seed at a time with a toothpick. In general, growing this bell is not a problem. He will like sunny places or light partial shade and moderately fertile soils. It is better that the landing sites are raised, as the bell often gets wet in the winter.
Appearance colchicum (Colchicum) in the garden is always a small miracle. Firstly, a touching characteristic appearance, which is more inherent in primroses, as if returns us to spring in the middle of autumn, which has already entered into its own rights.
And secondly, flowering colchicum begins literally suddenly. And if you rarely go to the country house during this period, it may happen that a week ago this meadow was empty, and today, like mushrooms after rain, beautiful buds got out from the ground and blossomed.
Colchicum flowers are of two types - simple and double. The former are very similar to crocuses, and the latter bloom flowers slightly resembling chrysanthemums or water lilies of the nymphaea. From the external resemblance arose the name of one of the most popular terry varieties of colchicum Waterly (‘Waterlily’).
Another less popular terry variety has white flowers and is called "Album Plenum". The main requirement of colchicum is good soil drainage and a sunny place. In early summer, linear leaves appear from under the colchicum, which soon die off, but flower stalks without foliage come out in the fall.
4. Aconite Karmichel (wrestler, helmet)
Aconite Karmichel (Aconitum carmichaelii) - one of the latest among the many varieties of skullcap. Most often, it blooms in October and sometimes, with a long, gentle fall, even in November. But, unfortunately, it also happens that significant frosts strike too early, and the flowering of this aconite can never be expected.
If he still manages to bloom, then this is always a great joy, because the plant has a very beautiful deep blue-violet color and the original shape of the flower. Other species duplicate the structural features of the flower in this aconite, however, the size of the helmets favorably distinguishes Karmichel aconite. They reach the size of four centimeters and form large inflorescences-spikelets crowning strong erect stems.
This species also has several varieties and garden forms. If you plant several species of aconite in your garden, then, due to the different flowering period, they will successfully succeed each other and it is Aconite Karmichel that will worthily complete the parade of helmet workers.
Aconite Karmichel, like other types of aconites, can grow well even on poor soils, but when planting it is still recommended to add compost to the planting pit.
So that the wrestler of Karmichel can bloom, it is recommended to plant it in the sun, although it can grow in partial shade.
This species of aconite is more resistant to powdery mildew than other varieties of Scutellaria.
5. Miscanthus and other cereals
With the onset of cool autumn weather, the foliage of so many ornamental grasses turns into bright colors. Incredibly beautiful in autumn are such representatives of cereals as moliny, millet, honekholloy, pennisetum, bearded man other. But a special place in this row is miscanthus, because he not only changes the color of the leaves, but also begins the long-awaited flowering of lush inflorescences resembling bird feathers.
Especially effective autumn coloring is famous miscanthus purple (Miscanthus purpurascens) In autumn, its foliage resembles tongues of flame, which combine orange, red and pinkish shades.
The most popular among gardeners are numerous varieties miscanthus chinese (Miscanthus sinensis) The foliage of representatives of this species also in most cases has an attractive autumn color of yellow, bronze and orange tones.
Unfortunately, Miscanthus is not too winter-hardy in the middle lane and can fall in particularly harsh winters. Chinese Miscanthus has both more hardy and less winter-hardy varieties. But still, it will be necessary to establish exactly which variety will take root precisely on your site, exclusively by experimental means.
When choosing a variety, you should also give preference to early varieties, since the middle and late flowering in our climate, as a rule, only manage to bloom in the long warm autumn.
Miscanthus is a fairly unpretentious cereal. The plant is tolerant to a wide range of soils from sandy to heavy clay. It tolerates short-term drought, but nevertheless, in a dry period, miscanthus needs watering.
It will best develop in an open, sunny place. But in the penumbra, its growth will be less vigorous, the flowering intensity will decrease, and the stems may die.
For better wintering, growth points are not cut off the foliage, but tied in sheaves, old leaves are pruned only in early spring. Easily propagated by dividing the bush.
Impressive floral decorations in the early to mid-autumn create chrysanthemums (Chrysanthemum) They have lush dark green dense foliage, against which numerous constellations of inflorescences light up.
Reed flowers (petals) have innumerable shades: yellow, orange, amber or red (warm colors), lavender or burgundy, pure white or two-tone.
In height, chrysanthemums also have a wide gradation: border, medium and tall. The shape of the bush varies from spherical to columnar, depending on the variety.
Typically, chrysanthemums are used in the design to cause a real explosion of bright color in the autumn landscape. In late-summer-early autumn, these flowers can often be found on sale in supermarkets, where they are sold as functional annual plants for autumn decorations. Naturally, most of them were not selected on the basis of winter hardiness.
If chrysanthemums will be used as perennials in the landscape, it is better to buy planting material in nurseries. For example, you should pay attention to multiflora chrysanthemums (Chrysanthemum morifolium), which distinguish the genetic spherical habit. Among them there are many fairly winter-hardy varieties of various colors.
To grow chrysanthemums in the garden, a rich soil is needed, which contains a large amount of nutrients for the rapid growth of the root system and subsequently for lush flowering.
At the same time, chrysanthemums need good drainage to prevent the development of various rot. Varieties with relative winter hardiness are better off providing shelter.